Researchers focused on a site in the Illawarra region of NSW, which holds a unique record into the past.
A review of studies of Parramatta demonstrates an extensive deep-time archive of Indigenous activity extending over 14,000 years.
It took just 5,000 years for large and well-organised groups of people to populate all corners of the continent.
Perhaps 2°C doesn't sound like much, but if you look through history, 2°C temperature changes have had huge effects on the planet and people.
With global sea levels set to rise by up to a metre by 2100, there is much to be learnt from past changes to the coastline and how humans responded to dramatic increases in sea level.