A giant marsupial that roamed prehistoric Australia 25 million years ago is so different from its wombat cousins that scientists have had to create a new family to accommodate it.
Palaeontologists look to the fossil record to come up with a new strategy to save the endangered mountain pygmy-possum from becoming a climate change casualty.
UNSW's Professor Mike Archer is the first Australian to win the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology's highest prize, the Romer-Simpson Medal.
Geneticists have now firmly established that roughly 2% of the DNA of all living non-African people comes from our Neanderthal cousins, writes Darren Curnoe.
A groundbreaking new study of the bones of our 3.2 million-year-old ancestor ‘Lucy’ has revealed she died from the crushing impact of a fall from high in the trees, writes Darren Curnoe.
An ancient bat species has been discovered in New Zealand by UNSW palaeontologists, suggesting its descendants have been present in the country for at least 16 million years.
Can we really run the clock backwards and find the optimal way to eat, asks Darren Curnoe.
The 150-million-year-old Archaeopteryx fossil is still the first known bird despite an earlier study suggesting otherwise, new research reveals.
In public imagination, the sabre-toothed cat Smilodon ranks alongside Tyrannosaurus rex as the ultimate killing machine. Powerfully built, with upper canines like knives, Smilodon was a fearsome predator of Ice-Age America's lost giants.