Some of the country’s leading building and construction companies have joined with university experts in a major new initiative to help Australia achieve its 2050 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target.
The Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) for Low Carbon Living, headquartered at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), was officially opened today by the Minister for Tertiary Education, Skills, Science and Research, Senator Chris Evans. The Federal Government has granted $28 million towards the establishment of the $100 million CRC, with the balance coming from the Centre’s partners.
Located within UNSW’s new Tyree Energy Technologies Building, the CRC aims to help cut Australia’s residential and commercial carbon emissions by an extra 10 mega tonnes per year by 2020, which is the environmental equivalent of taking 2.3 million cars off the road annually. The CRC plans to do that by developing low carbon building construction materials and increasing the evidence base for government policy and planning, among other measures. Australia has set greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets of 25 per cent by 2020 and 80 per cent by 2050 compared with 2000 levels.
When the carbon reduction targets are met, the CRC will have delivered a direct benefit of $250 million per year to the economy, while reducing risk to the $150 billion per year construction industry, as it adjusts to a carbon-constrained economy.
“The construction industry is an important contributor to the national economy but it’s also a big contributor to Australia’s carbon emissions,” Senator Evans said at the UNSW launch.
“This CRC brings together researchers with expertise in property, planning and government to help the industry cut emissions in new construction materials and processes, while maintaining its competitiveness.”
Other dignitaries at the event included the CRC Chairman and former federal minister, the Hon Robert Hill AC, and UNSW Vice-Chancellor Professor Fred Hilmer AO.
Comprising a national consortium of 45 participants, the new CRC includes universities, government and some of the biggest players in the construction and building industries.
Research shows a quarter of Australia’s total emissions reduction potential can be achieved – with minimal cost – from energy efficiency measures related to building design, construction and use.
“Many people do not realise that the biggest opportunity for emissions reductions is in buildings. The built environment is responsible for 40 per cent of energy use and Australia’s homes account for 16.5 per cent of our emissions in electricity use alone, without accounting for energy embodied during the production and disposal of building materials,” said CRC Low Carbon Living CEO and UNSW Professor Deo Prasad.
“The reduced cost of achieving national greenhouse gas emissions targets will cut the cost of Australia’s carbon reduction obligations by around $70 billion by 2040, all without a reduction of living standards.”
To achieve its goals, the CRC will employ a three-pronged approach starting with building design and construction, through to the creation of entire low carbon precincts and changes to individual consumer engagement and behaviour.
“Ultimately, if we are to be successful, communities have to be involved. Designing cities well is one thing but you also need to have communities involved in low carbon living, getting people to accept lower carbon heating, cooling, lighting and transport.”
Professor Prasad said the CRC will also work with regional nations to assist them in finding their own solutions to lowering carbon emissions. “It’s about Australia taking leadership in the region, which is a key element of Australia in the Asian Century White Paper.”
Some of the 15 research projects already underway at the CRC include:
- Developing next-generation building products including roofing materials that double as solar panels and can also moderate the temperature of buildings.
- Exploring how low carbon concretes incorporating fly ash can be used within existing standards
- Zero carbon housing through the integration of design and technical features with new materials and technologies.
- Scoping studies for the design, creation and evaluation of entire low carbon precincts and suburbs.
- Changing household behaviour by better understanding the scale and form of domestic usage of electricity, gas, petrol and water.
- Developing a modelling framework to forecast the impact of government policy and program interventions on the uptake of building retrofits by tenants and landlords in commercial and residential buildings.
- The creation of “living laboratories” to roll out and test innovative low carbon living solutions in real communities, and observe the impact across a broad spectrum of social, technical and economic metrics.
Participants in the CRC include: industry (property developers, materials suppliers, energy specialists, architects, engineers and peak bodies), state and federal governments, city councils, universities from Australia, Europe, Asia and North America, public utilities, planning agencies, the national standards organisation, TAFE and CSIRO. The United Nations Environment Program is also involved, facilitating international dissemination of CRC initiatives in the Asia Pacific region and encouraging knowledge transfer internationally.
For more information go to the website.
Media contact: Susi Hamilton, UNSW Office of Media and Communication, 0422 934 024