A thin polymer film that seals surgical wounds could make sutures a relic of medical history.
Measuring just 50 microns, the film is placed on a surgical wound and exposed to an infrared laser, which heats the film just enough to meld it and the tissue, thus perfectly sealing the wound. Known as Surgilux, the device's raw material is extracted from crab shells and has Food and Drug Administration approval in the US.
Early test results indicate that it has strongest potential for use in brain and nerve surgery because it can avoid the numerous disadvantages of invasive stictches/sutures, which fail to seal and can act as a source of infection.
Up to 11% of brain surgery patients have to return for repeat surgery due to leakage of cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) and other complications arising from sutures.
Surgical sutures date back some 4,000 years, so a new approach is long overdue, according to one of the device's inventors and leader of the Bio/polymer Research Group, UNSW scientist John Foster.
"Others have tried surgical glues but these are mainly gel-like so bonding to the tissue is uneven often resulting in leakages and they're not easy to use. The strongest surgical glue is so toxic that it's limited to external applications," says Dr Foster.
"Other devices use ultra-violet light to effect rather poor sealing, but UV rays are damaging to living cells. The beauty of this is that infra-red laser doesn't cause any tissue damage. Better still, Surgilux has anti-microbial properties, which deters post-operative infections."
Foster and his team are working with micro-surgeon Marcus Stoodley who specialises in nerve repair. Based at the Prince of Wales Hospital, Stoodley is excited about early test results.
"Surgilux is well suited to repairing damaged nerves because the gold standard -- sutures - inevitably cause damage to nerves and there is always some permanent loss of function. Our test results with rats have shown some degree of permanent nerve recovery within six weeks of operating."
The researchers - who are looking for commercial backing to initiate clinical trials - are planning a second generation version of Surgilux that incorporates growth factors and perhaps stem cells to regenerate nerves.
Read more about this story in The Sydney Morning Herald.
About John Foster
Associate Professor John Foster heads UNSW's Biopolymer Research Group, which focuses on the production, characterisation and potential applications of novel biopolymers in medical and environmental areas. He researches the development and degradation of biopolymer-based materials, and their applications as bioplastics, anti-fouling coatings and proactive scaffolds for tissue engineering.
John is a Fellow of the 'Institute of Biology' (IoB-London) and 'The Environmentally Degradable Polymer Society' (EDPS-USA). He has just returned to UNSW from a period of release as a 'Marie Curie International Incoming Fellow' at Forschungszentrum-Juelich in Germany. Prior to his UNSW appointment, he was an industrial scientist with the industrial and pharmaceutical company, Bayer.
Media contact: UNSW media, Dan Gaffney, 0411 156 015