We have not been able to develop an intelligence workforce that can keep up with the speed of advancing technologies and their threat to our national security.
Trump's new executive order reflects a fear of sabotage, where an enemy such as China or Russia could turn off critical infrastructure like the internet or communications capability.
Scott Morrison has bragged about 'stopping the boats', but his government has failed to do anything meaningful to bolster cyber security and stop the malware.
Australia's next war will be fought on new psychological and technical battlegrounds, says UNSW Canberra Professor Greg Austin, who has identified 19 key gaps in the nation's civil defences.
German MPs were outraged they weren't notified they were targets in a cyber attack, which resulted in the public release of mobile phone numbers and credit card information.
Austraia's first Cyber Incident Management Arrangements are a good start, but the government needs to better engage with private companies to prevent and manage cyber attacks.
The succession of data access legislation in the Australian parliament is fast becoming a Mad Hatter's tea party. We need better oversight, and fast, writes Greg Austin.
Universities are uniquely placed to ensure that those who manage security of networks and data work closely with those who research and study the same problem.
China's espionage capability is now so extensive it's hard to imagine its limits - and Western companies and governments are becoming more willing participants, writes Greg Austin.
Australia should play to its strengths to develop and increase exports of its existing expertise in cyber security rather than other military exports, writes Greg Austin.